The art of painting walls in India is centuries old. There are many styles of wall painting art depending on the culture of the people varying from different states and regions of the country. Today, we will be talking about one of the oldest art forms of wall painting that has continued since 10,000-4,000 BC; “Khovar and Sohrai”: The Marriage and Harvest Art of Jharkhand.
African art is considered to be the oldest form of tribal art in history. The origin of African art is believed to date back even before the recorded history. It is believed that the earliest found art is around 77000years old that hails from Africa. African art describes the visual culture from the African continent, modern and historical paintings, installations, sculptures, pottery and other traditional works. The definition of this tribal art also includes the art of the African Diasporas, such as African American, the Caribbean, and other American art. African art is not only about one territory or any one culture it is an art that includes a variety of themes depending on life events of the tribal people. Despite this diversity, there are some unique artistic themes that define the culture of the African continent. The African rock art in Sahara in Nigeria preserves 6000years old carvings.
“Phulkari” is not just a traditional art; it is the story of emotions, love, colours, culture and traditions of Punjab. The origin of this beautiful art of Phulkari embroidery traced back to the 15th century AD. Its relevance, in the lives of the people, has not diminished even today and continues to form an integral part of all marriage, birth, festivals and ceremonies taking place in Punjab.
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Jaipur, The “Pink City” of Rajasthan is known for its rich culture and Blue pottery art. When we talk about Jaipur, the first thing that strikes our mind is the long stretch of market selling traditional handicrafts. This city is known for manufacturing different variety of handicrafts like camel leather products, mojari, blue pottery products, handcrafted silver ornaments and a lot more. As you step into old city of Jaipur, you can see beautiful azure all around. Blue pottery, ever so elegant and always fragile, is a craft Pink City is celebrated for.
Phad Painting an Art Of Painting
India is a diverse country and has a wide variety of art forms, reflecting our culture and tradition. Paintings like phad paintings, tanjore paintings, warli paintings and Handicrafts like dhokra art, blue pottery art, and wooden carvings etc, are one of the spectacular arts where you can see the talent of authentic Indian rural craftsmen and artists.
Our trip to Rajasthan was a memorable one!!!
We were visiting different shops meeting vendors and craftsmen having look at a variety of products and placing orders for them. As we do it in most our trips. But that day was a special one; we came across these beautiful Paintings hung on the walls. The colours painted were so vibrant and attractive. It was a long stretch painted like it was a story painted on the walls. After seeing such a stunning piece of art we decided to step in that very moment. By entering the store we saw an artist sitting at a side busy painting his canvas. We greeted him and went near to see what he was painting.
He was giving fine details to the painting and when asked what he was drawing he said it is a Phad painting. That’s how we met this talented artist named Sunil Somani. Mr. Somani is a trained Phad painting artist and is in this profession for 15 years.
Phad painting or Phad Art is a style religious scroll painting and folk painting, practised in Rajasthan state of India.This style of painting is traditionally done on a long piece of cloth or canvas, known as phad. The narratives of the folk deities of Rajasthan, mostly of Pabuji and Devnarayan are depicted on the phads. The Bhopas, the priest-singers traditionally carry the painted phads along with them and use these as the mobile temples of the folk deities. The phads of Pabuji are normally about 15 feet in length, while the phads of Devnarayan are normally about 30 feet long. Traditionally the phads are painted with vegetable colours.
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The Joshi families of Bhilwara, Shahpura in Bhilwara district of Rajasthan are widely known as the traditional artists of this folk art-form for the last two centuries. Presently, Shree Lal Joshi, Nand Kishor Joshi, Prakash Joshi and Shanti Lal Joshi are the most noted artists of the phad painting, who are known for their innovations and creativity.
Noted examples of this art are Devnarayan Ki Phad and Pabuji Ki Phad.
We all celebrate festivals with great joy and enthusiasm. We also spend a lot of money behind decoration of pandals or houses, food, clothes and other things. But all our celebrations would remain incomplete or next to impossible without the contribution of artisans for making beautiful idols of Gods and Goddesses. For us, it might be just a few days of celebration but it is the major source of earnings for the artisans. It is only because of their art that we bring huge or small beautiful idols at our home or pandals to worship them. It takes days and nights, weeks and months for an artisan to complete the making of perfect idols.
One such art of Idol making can be seen in Bengal during the time of Navratri. Bengal Artisans Contribution for making Durga Idols can be seen at Bangali Akhara near Langartoli. Splash of colours will overwhelm the visitors of Bengal when they visit Bangali Akhara. It is the house of idol-makers during Durga Puja.